Welcome to Crossing the Border, a limited-run weekly newsletter from The New York Times. Like what you see? Send this to a friend. If someone forwarded it to you, sign up here to have the next issue delivered to your inbox.
By Kirk Semple in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico
In 1994, Franklin Pupo’s father fled Cuba by way of Central America and Mexico, before settling in Las Vegas.
Now, 25 years later, Mr. Pupo is following roughly the same path.
“Incredible,” said Mr. Pupo, 40, marveling at how his family’s history was repeating itself.
I spoke with Mr. Pupo and his wife, Yaima García, 37, this week in an evangelical church that had been converted into a temporary migrant shelter. The building, a cinder block warehouse that previously served as a hardware store, was tucked in a scrappy, semi-industrial neighborhood of this border city in northern Mexico.
The couple’s journey had come to an abrupt halt here a month ago when their quest for sanctuary in the United States ran up against the cold realities of the border. They are now among many thousands who are waiting in Ciudad Juárez and other border cities for their chance to apply for asylum in the United States.
It’s a quirk of current migratory patterns that Mr. Pupo and Ms. García also find themselves among many other Cuban asylum-seekers in Ciudad Juárez. By the estimates of government officials, as many as 70 percent of the more than 3,000 migrants waiting here to apply for asylum across the border in El Paso, are Cuban.
In other border cities, those waiting to cross are mostly Central Americans.
“The Cuban always tries to be in a group,” Ms. García explained. “I see it as a form of protection”
How Ciudad Juárez came to be the preferred crossing point for Cubans remains a mystery. But migrants say that it has the reputation for being safer for migrants and less crowded with asylum-seekers than other popular crossing points. Word traveled through the Cuban migrant grapevine — in WhatsApp messaging groups, by phone and on social media.
While Cubans have been a common sight for years on the migrant trail through Mexico, their numbers rising and falling in response to events back home and shifts in American policy, the flow appeared to pick up in recent months.
Officials here in Ciudad Juárez said they began registering a sharp increase in the number of Cuban asylum-seekers in late fall.
The Cubans, by and large, say they are fleeing political repression in the Caribbean nation. Cubans seeking sanctuary used to get special treatment in the United States: Under a policy known as “wet foot, dry foot,” Cubans who made it to American soil were allowed to stay and eventually apply for permanent residency. But the Obama administration halted those privileges in January 2017, and since then Cuban asylum-seekers have been like everyone else.
In Ciudad Juárez, they have run up against a Trump administration system that limits the daily number of asylum seekers allowed to present their cases at ports of entry. This practice has given rise to informal waiting lists in border towns.
So, the Cubans and others are biding their time — in migrant shelters, in budget hotels and in cheap, rented rooms — and suppressing the impulse to hire a smuggler and cross illegally.
Mr. Pupo and Ms. García left Cuba on Feb. 6, flew to Panama and traveled overland to Mexico, arriving in Ciudad Juárez on March 1 and finding their way to Solus Christus Church.
The shelter is overseen by Lilia and Rodolfo Barraza, who opened its doors to migrants on Feb. 26 after local officials appealed for help in absorbing the flow of asylum-seekers into the city.
Mr. Barraza, 65, a pastor, said that initially he had been inclined to say no, but he remembered a biblical passage that described the moral obligation to do good.
“And when I thought of that biblical verse, I said, ‘Bring them,’” Mr. Barraza recalled. “And the next day they were here.”
The couple has hosted as many as 74 migrants at one time, jammed into a space suitable for far less; there are currently 38, all but one of them Cubans. (The exception is a Venezuelan woman.)
Ms. Barraza, 61, said that before they had opened their doors, she had never met a Cuban. “But now I think they’re beautiful,” she said. “We love them. They are our brothers and sisters.”
The symbolic focus of the space is a white board on which is written the waiting-list number of the last migrant allowed to cross the border and present themselves to the American authorities. A migrant’s number in line has become almost as important as any other piece of data in their life.
When a migrant’s number is called and they successfully cross, it’s a bittersweet moment for those who remain behind: They lose a traveling partner but move one step closer to their own appointment.
“It could be a week, two weeks, a month,” Ms. García mused on a recent afternoon at the shelter.
The number on the board was 6995. Her number is 7533. Mr. Pupo’s is 7534.
For now, Mr. Pupo added, “this is our refuge.”
Kirk is one of a team of New York Times journalists currently reporting from the border. Each week they’ll be sharing a slice of their reporting about the border and the people who spend time on both sides of it.
Read more about Kirk’s time in Ciudad Juárez here.
Do you have questions about life on the border? Or feedback about this newsletter? Email us at: firstname.lastname@example.org.Senator Jon Tester visits a detention center
MCALLEN, Tex. — The Border Patrol’s largest detention center has swelled in recent weeks amid an influx of migrant families from Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador. The processing center in the border city of McAllen has frequently exceeded its capacity, leading to mass releases of migrants that have overwhelmed nonprofit shelters.
The building, known informally as Ursula because of its Ursula Avenue address, has been criticized by immigrant advocates for holding migrants in large pens made of chain-link fencing. Manny Fernandez, the New York Times Houston bureau chief, spoke to Senator Jon Tester, a Montana Democrat who spent more than an hour touring the Ursula facility last week.
The following is an edited and condensed version of the conversation.
Q: What was it like?
A: I was there on Sunday (March 24). I’m not going to talk to you like most Democrats will talk to you. I’m going to tell you that, when I walked in there, it ripped your guts out. It made you cry. It did all those things that people say it did to you, because you had children and you had mothers. I looked at them as kids the same age as my grandkids. On the other side of the equation, there were a lot of people in a fairly small area, and the ventilation had to be pretty darn good because it didn’t stink.
How many migrants were there at the time?
Twenty-two hundred. And their capacity is 1,500.
Did it feel overcrowded or just crowded?
Gosh, you’re asking the wrong guy, because this is the first time I’ve been in that processing center. It felt crowded.
Can you describe it?
It’s a metal building that’s insulated. Each one of the holding areas had a bathroom and a sink. They’re held by sex, of course. And then the families were held in different steel cages, basically. Everybody had a blanket that wanted one, Mylar blankets. Most of them were laying down on mats. Some of them were standing up. Some of them were sitting on benches.
What were Border Patrol officials saying about all this?
They said they were processing them through as quick as they could. They said the manpower they were using here was manpower that they’d rather have on the border, but nonetheless they had to process these folks. Look, I mean, I don’t like prisons. I don’t like holding people up. But the bottom line is that I don’t have any better idea than the way they were doing it, and I asked them if they did and they didn’t either, although they were tasked with trying to find a better way to do it. They were providing food and water and baby formula, and were treating these folks as good as they could treat them, in the conditions that were there. I’m simply just not critical of Border Protection in this situation because I don’t know what the solution is.
Some Democrats were calling the mass releases a manufactured attempt to fuel the crisis-at-the-border narrative. Do you agree?
I don’t think I can agree with it. Look, I’m not a conspiracy theorist. I think I have to go with what I saw, and what I saw literally was a bunch of families in this facility and I think it is what it is right now. The direction I would take it is, what are the push factors in these countries that are pushing these families to our southern border?
Was Border Patrol cooperative during the tour?
They were absolutely cooperative. I’ve been on these trips before, and I know for a fact they show you want they want you to see. But they were very cooperative.
Were the conditions horrible? Beauty is in the eye of the beholder, I guess. I don’t think they were horrible, but by the same token it was gut-wrenching to see mothers and children sitting there in cages.
It sounds like it was packed but people still had some room.
I don’t know how many square feet each person needs to determine whether it was overflowed or packed or beyond the pale. I just know as I looked there, there was some space and people could mill around, although it was very crowded. It would drive me crazy. My nearest neighbor is a mile away. It would drive me nuts.The president on the border
President Trump visited a portion of the border wall in California on Friday, a day after backing off a threat to close the border with Mexico.
The president floated the idea of closing the border last week — defending it repeatedly here and here — even as economic experts warned doing so could damage the economy.
(The agricultural and manufacturing industries would have been especially hard-hit by a closing, including a potential avocado shortage.)
Instead, on Thursday, Mr. Trump said he would give Mexico a “one-year warning” before closing the border.
“If the drugs don’t stop or aren’t largely stopped, we’re going to put tariffs on Mexico and products, in particular cars — the whole ballgame is cars,” he said. “And if that doesn’t stop the drugs, we close the border.”
Read earlier installments of Crossing the Border here. Sign up here to have the next issue delivered to your inbox.B:
【众】【人】【的】【目】【光】【都】【投】【在】【拓】【拔】【飞】【身】【上】。 【任】【无】【血】【看】【看】【拓】【拔】【飞】，【又】【看】【看】【林】【云】，【心】【中】【嗤】【笑】。【林】【云】【竟】【然】【指】【望】【拓】【拔】【飞】【说】【出】【事】【情】【的】【真】【相】，【简】【直】【天】【真】，【拓】【拔】【飞】【有】【什】【么】【理】【由】【出】【卖】【自】【己】，【出】【卖】【宗】【门】？【我】【倒】【要】【看】【看】，【等】【拓】【拔】【飞】【讲】【完】【之】【后】，【林】【云】【还】【有】【什】【么】【手】【段】。 【拓】【拔】【飞】【站】【在】【台】【上】，【脸】【上】【看】【似】【没】【有】【表】【情】，【心】【中】【却】【是】【一】【片】【纷】【乱】，【不】【知】【该】【如】【何】【抉】【择】。
“【百】【里】【家】【的】【人】【果】【不】【其】【然】【还】【是】【和】【以】【前】【一】【样】【呢】。” 【斯】【蒂】【兰】【卡】【强】【行】【控】【制】【着】【白】【虎】，【冷】【笑】【的】【看】【着】【百】【里】【目】。 【百】【里】【目】【看】【着】【斯】【蒂】【兰】【卡】【这】【张】【脸】，【又】【看】【到】【她】【身】【边】【的】【红】【蝶】，【忽】【然】【哈】【哈】【大】【笑】【了】【起】【来】。 “【哈】【哈】【哈】【哈】，【红】【蝶】【之】【主】【斯】【蒂】【兰】【卡】【是】【吧】，【上】【一】【任】【继】【承】【人】【的】【契】【约】【者】？【就】【那】【个】【被】【他】【强】【行】【解】【除】【契】【约】【的】【契】【约】【者】？” 【百】【里】【目】【看】【着】【斯】【蒂】【兰】【卡】【的】
【左】【沁】【允】【放】【下】【茶】【杯】【后】【看】【着】【杨】【庭】【禹】【一】【脸】【疑】【惑】【的】【问】【道】：“【刚】【才】【你】【说】【以】【后】【没】【机】【会】【看】【着】【徐】【州】【城】【里】【的】【盛】【景】，【这】【是】【为】【何】？” 【杨】【庭】【禹】【回】【道】：“【其】【实】【也】【没】【什】【么】，【我】【常】【年】【在】【外】【漂】【泊】【并】【无】【安】【身】【之】【地】，【这】【徐】【州】【城】【里】【我】【也】【不】【过】【是】【待】【个】【一】【月】【而】【已】。” 【左】【沁】【允】【更】【是】【不】【解】【了】，【继】【续】【问】【道】：“【这】【是】【因】【为】【什】【么】？【你】【看】【着】【不】【想】【是】【落】【魄】【书】【生】【或】【者】【别】【的】【什】【么】【看】【尽】
“【嗯】，【好】【久】【不】【见】。” 【商】【叶】【抬】【手】【拭】【去】【少】【女】【肩】【头】【的】【花】【瓣】，【收】【手】【时】，【手】【臂】【却】【有】【些】【僵】【硬】，【他】【天】【天】【给】【小】【千】【雪】【掸】【衣】【服】【习】【惯】【了】，【也】【没】【多】【想】，【就】【向】【小】【师】【姐】【伸】【手】【了】。 【这】【动】【作】【好】【像】【有】【些】【亲】【昵】…… 【他】【后】【知】【后】【觉】。 【龙】【胜】【玉】【也】【明】【显】【地】【愣】【了】【一】【下】，【目】【光】【偏】【移】【到】【别】【处】。 “【你】【身】【体】……” 【商】【叶】【察】【觉】【气】【氛】【变】【得】【微】【妙】【起】【来】，【开】【口】【道】：“马会财经1936.com【家】【里】【危】【险】【吗】？【的】【确】【是】，【李】【剑】【昕】【又】【何】【尝】【不】【知】【邱】【福】【实】【在】【是】【凶】【多】【吉】【少】，【刚】【刚】【虽】【然】【他】【也】【口】【口】【声】【声】【的】【说】【只】【要】【自】【己】【不】【知】【道】【那】【个】【什】【么】【江】【湖】【隐】【秘】，【邱】【福】【就】【可】【以】【安】【然】【无】【恙】，【但】【是】【说】【的】【时】【候】【他】【也】【是】【毫】【无】【底】【气】，【毕】【竟】【经】【历】【了】【这】【么】【多】【以】【后】，【这】【个】【江】【湖】【到】【底】【有】【多】【么】【险】【恶】，【早】【已】【超】【出】【了】【他】【的】【想】【象】【了】，【恶】【人】【到】【底】【有】【多】【恶】【暂】【且】【不】【说】，【最】【关】【键】【的】【是】【连】【恶】【人】【是】【谁】【都】
【这】【眼】【看】【到】【了】【双】【十】【一】，【怎】【么】【着】【也】【要】【有】【福】【利】。 【策】【划】、【制】【片】【兼】【主】【持】【人】【人】【称】“【爱】【吃】【肉】【的】【小】【菌】【菇】”【暗】【搓】【搓】【地】【找】【了】【个】【名】【目】，【游】【说】【姜】【和】【成】【功】，【当】【然】【谭】【鹤】【渊】【就】【跟】【着】【来】【了】。 【于】【是】【爱】【吃】【肉】【的】【小】【菌】【菇】【下】【面】【简】【称】“【菌】【菇】”【开】【始】【了】【采】【访】。 【没】【采】【访】【之】【前】，【她】【双】【眼】【已】【经】【不】【受】【控】【制】【地】【盯】【上】【了】【谭】【鹤】【渊】，【我】【滴】【妈】，【这】【太】【像】【油】【画】【里】【的】、【素】【描】【画】、【国】【画】【等】
【火】【星】【烤】【鱼】【回】【过】【头】，【一】【脸】【凶】【恶】【的】【对】【邦】【德】【说】【道】：“【我】【的】【命】，【由】【我】【自】【己】【做】【主】。” 【邦】【德】【看】【了】【看】【火】【星】【烤】【鱼】，【没】【有】【再】【说】【些】【什】【么】【了】。 【火】【星】【烤】【鱼】【转】【过】【头】，【一】【脸】【谄】【媚】【的】【笑】【着】，【一】【步】【一】【步】【朝】【着】【弓】【箭】【手】【他】【们】【那】【边】【走】【去】，【小】【狐】【狸】【也】【是】【跟】【在】【他】【的】【身】【后】。 【火】【星】【烤】【鱼】【一】【边】【朝】【着】【弓】【箭】【手】【他】【们】【那】【边】【走】【着】，【一】【边】【说】【道】：“【我】【答】【应】【跟】【你】【们】【合】【作】，【希】【望】【你】
【当】【晚】，【沈】【妍】【和】【程】【悦】【俩】【人】【聊】【到】【了】【凌】【晨】【三】【点】【才】【睡】【觉】，【第】【二】【天】【沈】【风】【头】【一】【次】【起】【了】【个】【大】【早】，【美】【人】【不】【在】【怀】，【睡】【不】【着】，【太】【孤】【单】…… 【沈】【风】【醒】【后】，【很】【是】【贤】【夫】【的】【下】【去】【准】【备】【早】【餐】【了】，【然】【后】【等】【到】【时】【间】【差】【不】【多】【了】，【悄】【悄】【地】【上】【楼】【去】【叫】【俩】【人】【吃】【早】【饭】，【轻】【轻】【地】【敲】【了】【敲】【门】，【然】【后】【开】【门】【进】【去】，【看】【到】【俩】【人】【睡】【得】【正】【熟】，【又】【悄】【悄】【地】【把】【门】【关】【上】【走】【了】。 【沈】【风】【把】【早】【餐】【放】